Maxillofacial Trauma in Geriatric Population

Ismail Aytaç, Alper Yazici, Orhan Tunç
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 2020 July 17

BACKGROUND/AIM: The worldwide population is increasingly aging. Maxillofacial fractures of the geriatric population have been increased. Evaluation of the demographic variables, causes and the patterns of maxillofacial traumas in the elderly population is the main aim of this study.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven hundred thirteen maxillofacial tomography images which were scanned between 2010 and 2019 were evaluated. Data from 50 patients aged 65 years old and/or older, who were treated for maxillofacial fracture at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gaziantep University, were retrospectively analyzed. Two groups were created according to the facial fracture pattern. Facial fractures were reclassified into 2 groups; mandibula, orbital, zygomaticomaxillary complex group fractures and the other group of frontal, naso-orbito-ethmoid fractures and were used as a comparison.

RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 72.5 (min 65- max 93). The gender distribution was 17 females (34%) and 33 males (66%). The most common fractured bone was the nasal bone and the least one is the frontal bone. Approximately one-quarter of 50 fractures were seen in 70 to 79 years old. Falling is more common in females and men are more prone to work-related accidents than home-related accidents.

CONCLUSION: Facial fractures in the elderly often seen in midface location. Falling is the common etiology of facial fracture in all genders at elderly. However, male dominance is seen in other etiological factors. Additional diseases in the elderly seem to increase the severity of facial fracture.

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