Microarrays Incorporating Gold Grid Patterns for Protein Quantification

Chang-Hyuk Yoo, Jae-Kyoung Yu, Yeju Seong, Jun-Kyu Choi
ACS Omega 2020 July 14, 5 (27): 16664-16669
Protein microarrays are miniaturized two-dimensional arrays, incorporating thousands of immobilized proteins, typically printed in minute amounts on functionalized solid substrates, which can be analyzed in a high-throughput fashion. Irreproducibility of the printing techniques adopted, resulting in inconsistently and nonuniformly deposited microscopic spots, nonuniform signal intensities from the printed microspots, and significantly high background noise are some of the critical issues that affect protein analysis using traditional protein microarrays. To overcome such issues, in this study, we introduced a novel gold grid pattern-based protein microarray. The grid patterns incorporated in our microarray are equivalent to the spots used for protein analysis in conventional protein microarrays. We utilized the signal intensities from the grid patterns acting as spots for quantifying the protein concentration levels. To demonstrate the utility of our novel design concept, we quantified as low as 66.7 ng/mL of bovine serum albumin using our gold grid pattern-based protein microarray. Our grid pattern-based design concept for protein quantification overcame the signal nonuniformity issues and ensured that the dominance of any distorted signal from a single spot did not affect the overall protein quantification results as encountered in conventional protein microarrays.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"