Topical delivery of nordihydroguaretic acid for attenuating cutaneous damage caused by arsenicals

Madhura Kale, Ritesh K Srivastava, Mohammad Athar, Ajay K Banga
Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology 2020, 58
This study evaluated the topical delivery of nordihydroguaretic acid (NDGA), a molecule that can potentially alleviate cutaneous damage caused by exposure to arsenic warfare chemicals. N-acetylcysteine (NAC 0.2% w/v) was added as an antioxidant, preventing the oxidation of NDGA to toxic quinones. A 24 h study was performed to arrive at a minimum concentration of NDGA needed to deliver maximum drug. A solution of 3% w/v delivered the maximum amount of drug at the end of 24 h (37.45 ± 4.32 μg). Short duration studies were carried out to determine the time needed to saturate skin with NDGA. There was no significant difference in the skin concentrations for 24 h and 8 h (14.89 ± 2.36 μg), due to skin saturation. However, there was significant difference in the amount of drug delivered to the epidermis (12.29 ± 1.87 μg) and dermis (2.54 ± 0.56 μg) at the end of 8 h. Solution of NDGA was applied on UV treated skin to assess changes in drug delivery. In vivo studies revealed that 3% NDGA was non-toxic for topical administration.

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