Analysis of bioMARKer Distribution and Individual Reproducibility Under Rivaroxaban Treatment in Japanese Patients with Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation (R-MARK Study, CVI ARO2)

Naomi Hirota, Shinya Suzuki, Masao Yamasaki, Naoki Matsumoto, Kousuke Ajiki, Masashi Kasao, Yukio Hiroi, Masataka Takizawa, Haruo Mitani, Tohru Fukatsu, Noriyuki Hayami, Takeshi Yamashita
International Heart Journal 2020 July 18
The "on-therapy range" of direct oral anticoagulants is the 90% interval of drug concentration. Previously, we reported the on-therapy range of rivaroxaban in a single-center cohort. The present study aimed to confirm the range and intraindividual reproducibility in a multicenter cohort.Eligible patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation under rivaroxaban treatment for prevention of ischemic stroke were enrolled from nine institutes in Tokyo, Japan, between June 2016 and May 2017 (n = 324). The first and second (three months later) blood samples both taken within 1-5 hours after rivaroxaban intake were analyzed (n = 219). Plasma concentration of rivaroxaban (PC-Riv) and prothrombin time (PT) with five reagents were measured.The 90% interval of PC-Riv was 47.3-532.9 ng/mL. The 90% interval of PT measured with RecombiPlasTin 2G was 11.8-22.3 seconds, the widest range among the five reagents examined. PC-Riv reproducibility within a 90% interval was evaluated bidirectionally (first-to-second and second-to-first), and 92.4% of samples were reproducible. The change rate (CR) of PC-Riv between two samplings ranged widely, and high CR (≥54.3%, cutoff for predicting non-reproducibility) was predicted by concomitant drugs (non-dihydropyridine calcium antagonist and thiazide) and mitral regurgitation.We reported the on-therapy range of rivaroxaban in a multicenter cohort. This range was consistent with that of a single-center cohort and was highly reproducible within three months in daily clinical practice. However, caution is necessary regarding several factors that may affect the intraindividual variation of PC-Riv.

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