Adjuvant treatment for patients with FIGO stage I uterine serous carcinoma confined to the endometrium

Dimitrios Nasioudis, Allison Grace Roy, Emily M Ko, Lori Cory, Robert L Giuntoli Ii, Ashley F Haggerty, Sarah H Kim, Mark A Morgan, Nawar A Latif
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 2020 July 15

OBJECTIVES: The role of adjuvant treatment for early-stage uterine serous carcinoma is not defined. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of adjuvant treatment on survival of patients with tumors confined to the endometrium.

METHODS: Patients diagnosed with stage I uterine serous carcinoma with no myometrial invasion between January 2004 and December 2015 who underwent hysterectomy with at least 10 lymph nodes removed were identified from the National Cancer Database. Adjuvant treatment patterns defined as receipt of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy within 6 months from surgery were investigated and overall survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves, and compared with the log-rank test for patients with at least one month of follow-up. A Cox analysis was performed to control for confounders.

RESULTS: A total of 1709 patients were identified; 833 (48.7%) did not receive adjuvant treatment, 348 (20.4%) received both chemotherapy and radiotherapy, 353 (20.7%) received chemotherapy only, and 175 (10.2%) received radiotherapy only. Five-year overall survival rates for patients who did not receive adjuvant treatment (n=736) was 81.9%, compared with 91.3% for those who had chemoradiation (n=293), 85.1% for those who received radiotherapy only (n=143), and 91.0% for those who received chemotherapy only (n=298) (p<0.001). After controlling for age, insurance status, type of treatment facility, tumor size, co-morbidities, and history of another tumor, patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy (HR 0.64, 95% CI 0.42, 0.96), or chemoradiation (HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.35, 0.88) had better survival compared with those who did not receive any adjuvant treatment, while there was no benefit from radiotherapy alone (HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.53, 1.37). There was no survival difference between chemoradiation and chemotherapy only (HR 1.15, 95% CI 0.65, 2.01).

CONCLUSION: Adjuvant chemotherapy (with or without radiotherapy) is associated with a survival benefit for uterine serous carcinoma confined to the endometrium.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"