The Role of the Curcumin for Inducing Apoptosis in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Cells: A Systematic Review

Hossein Khadem Haghighian, Neda Ketabchi, Maria Kavianpour
Nutrition and Cancer 2020 July 13, : 1-11
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a hematological malignancy of lymphoid progenitor cells associated with excessive proliferation of lymphocytes. Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound, is known to possess anticancer activity. However, the mechanism of apoptosis induction differs in cancers. In this study, we discuss the potential apoptosis and anticancer effect of curcumin on the ALL. After choosing Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) keywords, including "Curcumin", "acute lymphoblastic leukemia", "apoptosis", as well as searching Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Sciencedirect. hand searching in key journals, list of references of selected articles and gray literature, without time and language limitation, articles up to December 2017 were entered into this review. In this review, 244 articles were acquired at the primary search. Study selection and quality assessment processes were done based on Cochrane library guidelines. According to six articles that were selected, curcumin could enhance the antitumor activity of chemotherapy drugs such as L-asparaginase. Curcumin induces apoptosis in Pre B- ALL and T- ALL cells by decreased NF-kB levels, increased p53 levels, PARP-1 cleavage. Also, the induction of growth-arrest and apoptosis in association with the blockade of constitutively active JAK-STAT pathway suggests this be a mechanism by curcumin. Curcumin could be used for the treatment of cancer like ALL.

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