JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Quality of indications in cystic lesions of the pancreas]

B W Renz, M Ilmer, J G D'Haese, J Werner
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen 2020 July 8
32642818
Cystic tumors of the pancreas (PCN) have increasingly gained importance in the clinical routine as they are frequently diagnosed as an incidental finding due to the continuous improvement in cross-sectional imaging. A differentiation is made between non-neoplastic and neoplastic cysts, whereby the latter has a tendency to malignant transformation to a varying extent. Therefore, they can be considered as precursor lesions of pancreatic cancer (PDAC). In addition to a detailed patient history and examination, imaging modalities, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with fine needle aspiration (FNA) are used for the differential diagnosis. The indications for surgical resection of these lesions are based on the current European guidelines from 2018; however, the content is not evidence-based but relies on knowledge and recommendations from experts. According to these consensus recommendations asymptomatic serous cystic neoplasms (SCN) are serous lesions with a low tendency for malignant transformation and can be monitored. In contrast resection is warranted for all mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN) >4 cm and all solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPN). Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN), which are differentiated into main duct (MD-IPMN) and branch duct type (BD-IPMN) IPMN based on the position in the pancreatic duct system, should be resected as MD-IPMN and mixed type (MT)-IPMN. The risk of malignant transformation in BD-IPMN is variable and depends on risk factors, which are defined clinically and by imaging morphology. The treatment management is therefore carried out on an individual basis following risk estimation. In order to quantify the quality of indications in PCN and thereby also contributing to optimized medical care, prospective long-term studies are urgently needed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32642818
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"