MviN mediates the regulation of environmental osmotic pressure on esrB to control the virulence in the marine fish pathogen Edwardsiella piscicida

Kaiyu Yin, Jin Zhang, Jiabao Ma, Peng Jin, Yue Ma, Yuanxing Zhang, Xiaohong Liu, Qiyao Wang
Microbiological Research 2020 June 27, 239: 126528
Edwardsiella piscicida is a notorious pathogen infecting diverse kinds of fish and causes substantial economic losses in the global aquaculture industries. The EsrA-EsrB two-component system plays a critical role in the regulation of virulence genes expression, including type III and type VI secretion systems (T3/T6SSs). In this study, the putative regulators of esrB were screened by the transposon insertion sequencing (TIS) technology. As a result, MviN, a lipid II flippase, was identified as a modulator to upregulate esrB and downstream T3/T6SS gene expression in the earlier growth phases while downregulate esrB at the later stages. Complement or overexpression of the mviN restored the esrB as well as T3/T6SS expression in the ΔmviN mutant strain. Moreover, MviN also mediated the regulation of environmental osmotic pressure on the expression of esrB. MviN was also found to significantly influence the in vivo colonization of E. piscicida in turbot. Collectively, this study enhanced our understanding of pathogenesis and virulence regulatory network of E. piscicida.

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