Pineal Cyst Apoplexy in an 8-Year-Old Girl: Case Report and Literature Review

Dylan Goehner, Dallas Soyland, Eric Trumble, Shawn Vuong
World Neurosurgery 2020 June 29

BACKGROUND: Pineal cysts are common, typically asymptomatic, and are usually found incidentally in adults. In rare cases, pineal cyst apoplexy occurs as a result of an acute cystic hemorrhage. This can result in acute onset of severe headaches, acute obstructive hydrocephalus, mass effect on the midbrain, and even death. Pineal apoplexy is most common in reproductive age women, while pediatric cases continue to be less prevalent. Pineal cyst apoplexy remains a rare entity with 30+ cases presented in the literature to date.

CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the youngest case in the literature, an 8-year-old girl with a pineal cyst that resulted in apoplexy, her diagnostic workup, management, and follow up. We supplement our case study with a literature review of pineal cyst apoplexy.

CONCLUSIONS: Pineal cyst apoplexy remains a rare clinical event in the pediatric population. Our case details the diagnosis and management of an 8-year-old girl with pineal cyst apoplexy. We also discuss our findings from our literature search for all reported cases of pineal cyst apoplexy.

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