Temporal Dysregulation of the Angiopoietin-2/-1 Ratio After Trauma and Associations With Injury Characteristics and Outcomes

Rindi M Uhlich, Robert P Richter, Parker Hu, Alyssa A Kirkman, Amit R Ashtekar, Lei Zheng, Shannon C Walker, Lindy M Reynolds, Russell L Griffin, Jan O Jansen, Jeffrey D Kerby, Jillian R Richter
Shock 2020 June 23
Traumatic injury and hemorrhagic shock result in endothelial cell activation and vascular dysfunction that, if not corrected, can propagate multiorgan failure. Angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2 are important regulators of endothelial cell function, and the ratio of plasma angiopoietin-2-to-1 is a useful indicator of overall vascular health. We therefore characterized plasma angiopoietin-2/-1 ratios over time after trauma in adults in an effort to gain insight into the pathophysiology that may drive post-traumatic vasculopathy and organ injury. We performed a single-center prospective observational study to measure plasma angiopoietin-1 and -2 levels and determine angiopoietin-2/-1 ratios in adult trauma patients upon hospital arrival and after 12, 24 and 48 hours. Compared to levels in healthy adults, angiopoietin-1 levels were significantly elevated at hospital arrival, and angiopoietin-2 levels were significantly elevated at 12, 24, and 48 hours. These kinetics translated in angiopoietin-2/-1 ratios that were significantly greater than controls at 24 and 48 hours. After regression analysis, elevated angiopoietin-2 levels were independently associated with blunt injuries at admission, with coagulopathy at admission and 12 hours, and with hemorrhagic shock at 24 and 48 hours. Significant correlations were observed between both angiopoietins and 24-hour transfusion requirements. Angiopoietin-2/-1 ratios correlated with mechanical ventilation duration and intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay. In this study, we demonstrate novel temporal associations between angiopoietin dysregulation and blunt injuries, acute coagulopathy, and hemorrhagic shock. Moreover, our findings highlight the presence of endothelial activation following traumatic insults in adults that may contribute to worse clinical outcomes.

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