Fate of phospholipids during aqueous extraction processing of peanut and effect of demulsification treatments on oil-phosphorus-content

Qiyan Zhao, Pengfei Li, Mingming Wang, Wenbin Zhang, Wei Zhao, Ruijin Yang
Food Chemistry 2020 June 17, 331: 127367
PC (phosphatidylcholine), PE (phosphatidylethanolamine), PI (phosphatidylinositol), and PA (phosphatidic acid) in 9 peanut matrices obtained during the AEP (aqueous extraction processing) of peanut were quantified employing HPLC-ELSD analysis in this study. Phosphorus contents of crude oils obtained from different demulsification treatments were also investigated. Decantation had a larger effect than grinding in terms of phospholipids loss due to alkaline-hydrolysis, indicating this processing step was vital for the manipulation of phospholipids levels remained in oil. Over 80% of initial phospholipids were lost during AEP and only 19.8% of initial phospholipids ended up in cream, skim and sediment phase. 52.55% of the remained phospholipids trapped in cream phase. Just 22.16-32.61 mg/kg phosphorus content could be detected in crude oils, which indicated the separation of phospholipids from the cream phase into aqueous medium. Degumming was not essential in AEP of peanut and the waste generated after demulsification could be a source of phospholipids.

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