JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pralidoxime-Induced Potentiation of the Pressor Effect of Adrenaline and Hastened Successful Resuscitation by Pralidoxime in a Porcine Cardiac Arrest Model

Hyoung Youn Lee, Najmiddin Mamadjonov, Kyung Woon Jeung, Yong Hun Jung, Byung Kook Lee, Kyung-Sub Moon, Tag Heo, Yong Il Min
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 2020 June 19
32562104

PURPOSE: Pralidoxime potentiated the pressor effect of adrenaline and facilitated restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after prolonged cardiac arrest. In this study, we hypothesised that pralidoxime would hasten ROSC in a model with a short duration of untreated ventricular fibrillation (VF). We also hypothesised that potentiation of the pressor effect of adrenaline by pralidoxime would not be accompanied by worsening of the adverse effects of adrenaline.

METHODS: After 5 min of VF, 20 pigs randomly received either pralidoxime (40 mg/kg) or saline, in combination with adrenaline, during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) during CPR, and ease of resuscitation were compared between the groups. Additionally, haemodynamic data, severity of ventricular arrhythmias, and cerebral microcirculation were measured during the 1-h post-resuscitation period. Cerebral microcirculatory blood flow and brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2 ) were measured on parietal cortices exposed through burr holes.

RESULTS: All animals achieved ROSC. The pralidoxime group had higher CPP during CPR (P = 0.014) and required a shorter duration of CPR (P = 0.024) and smaller number of adrenaline doses (P = 0.024). During the post-resuscitation period, heart rate increased over time in the control group, and decreased steadily in the pralidoxime group. No inter-group differences were observed in the incidences of ventricular arrhythmias, cerebral microcirculatory blood flow, and PbtO2 .

CONCLUSION: Pralidoxime improved CPP and hastened ROSC in a model with a short duration of untreated VF. The potentiation of the pressor effect of adrenaline was not accompanied by the worsening of the adverse effects of adrenaline.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32562104
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"