S-shaped distal access catheter supported microcatheter navigation into the lenticulostriate artery feeders of brain arteriovenous malformations

Satoshi Koizumi, Masaaki Shojima, Osamu Ishikawa, Hirotaka Hasegawa, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito
Interventional Neuroradiology 2020 June 19, : 1591019920935275

BACKGROUND: Although the embolization of lenticulostriate artery feeders is often warranted in the treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations, it is technically challenging due to steep and repeated angulations. Here, we describe our novel technique of navigating a flow-guided microcatheter into lenticulostriate artery feeders using the strong support provided by an S-shaped distal access catheter.

METHODS: We reviewed our retrospective cohort of brain arteriovenous malformations, in which lenticulostriate artery feeders were attempted to embolize.

RESULT: During the study period, endovascular embolization was performed in 25 arteriovenous malformations cases. Of these, eight lenticulostriate artery feeders were present in six cases (24%). In two cases, lenticulostriate artery feeder catheterization was avoided from the beginning due to the small diameters of the feeders. After all, microcatheter navigation for lenticulostriate artery feeders were attempted in four cases with six lenticulostriate artery feeders. In all the six feeders, the S-shaped distal access catheter was successful in supporting the microcatheter to advance distally to the lenticulostriate artery feeders, even if other approaches were unsuccessful. Of the six catheterized lenticulostriate artery feeders, four were embolized. Symptomatic infarction in the lenticulostriate artery territory and mild vasospasm occurred in two cases each, but they did not result in permanent neurological deficits.

CONCLUSION: Although some potential complications need to be considered, the S-shaped distal access catheter technique appears to be an effective alternative approach to gaining access to difficult feeders of arteriovenous malformations.

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