Diagnosis and treatment of congenital nasal dermoid and sinus cysts in 11 infants: A consort compliant study

Kun Ni, Xiaoyan Li, Limin Zhao, Jiali Wu, Xiaojun Liu, Haibo Shi
Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May 22, 99 (21): e19435
There have been few studies on congenital nasal dermoid and sinus cysts (NDSCs) in infants.This study was performed to obtain clinical data for the diagnosis and treatment of NDSCs in infants.We performed a retrospective analysis of 11 infants admitted with NDSCs between 2014 and 2019. Patient demographics, lesion site, preoperative radiological findings, surgical technique, intraoperative findings, and postoperative sequelae were analyzed.In total, 11 infants (average age, 19 months; lowest age, 10 months) were included in this study. All patients presented with a nasal root mass, 2 patients also had nasal tip fistula, and only 1 case had a history of preoperative infection. Preoperative enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination showed nasal surface lesion (type I) in 3, nasal intraosseous (type II) in 5, intracranial epidural (type III) in 2, and intracranial dural (type IV) in 1 patient. The main surgical methods included direct resection with a vertical midline incision (9 patients), vertical incision + transnasal endoscopic resection + skull base repair (1 patient), and transverse incision of the lower margin of the left eyebrow (1 patient). All wounds healed well without serious complications.Using the 4-type classification method in combination with the preoperative CT findings to analyze the extent of NDSC in infants is helpful for formulating the surgical plan. Using vertical incision approach alone or combined with nasal endoscopy for minimally invasive surgery can meet the needs of complete resection and reconstruction.Our results provide clinical data that can help establish standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of NDSCs in infants.

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