Characteristics associated with hospitalisation for COVID-19 in people with rheumatic disease: data from the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance physician-reported registry

Milena Gianfrancesco, Kimme L Hyrich, Sarah Al-Adely, Loreto Carmona, Maria I Danila, Laure Gossec, Zara Izadi, Lindsay Jacobsohn, Patricia Katz, Saskia Lawson-Tovey, Elsa F Mateus, Stephanie Rush, Gabriela Schmajuk, Julia Simard, Anja Strangfeld, Laura Trupin, Katherine D Wysham, Suleman Bhana, Wendy Costello, Rebecca Grainger, Jonathan S Hausmann, Jean W Liew, Emily Sirotich, Paul Sufka, Zachary S Wallace, Jinoos Yazdany, Pedro M Machado, Philip C Robinson
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2020, 79 (7): 859-866

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 outcomes in people with rheumatic diseases remain poorly understood. The aim was to examine demographic and clinical factors associated with COVID-19 hospitalisation status in people with rheumatic disease.

METHODS: Case series of individuals with rheumatic disease and COVID-19 from the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance registry: 24 March 2020 to 20 April 2020. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate ORs and 95% CIs of hospitalisation. Age, sex, smoking status, rheumatic disease diagnosis, comorbidities and rheumatic disease medications taken immediately prior to infection were analysed.

RESULTS: A total of 600 cases from 40 countries were included. Nearly half of the cases were hospitalised (277, 46%) and 55 (9%) died. In multivariable-adjusted models, prednisone dose ≥10 mg/day was associated with higher odds of hospitalisation (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.06 to 3.96). Use of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) alone or in combination with biologics/Janus Kinase inhibitors was not associated with hospitalisation (OR 1.23, 95% CI 0.70 to 2.17 and OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.46, respectively). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use was not associated with hospitalisation status (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.39 to 1.06). Tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (anti-TNF) use was associated with a reduced odds of hospitalisation (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.81), while no association with antimalarial use (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.57) was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that glucocorticoid exposure of ≥10 mg/day is associated with a higher odds of hospitalisation and anti-TNF with a decreased odds of hospitalisation in patients with rheumatic disease. Neither exposure to DMARDs nor NSAIDs were associated with increased odds of hospitalisation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.


Sort by: Most RecentHighest Rated

Christoph Haller

TN 2 Rheuma register, Pat. Die stationär wegen Covid-19 aufgenommen wurden (=Endpunkt) 46%. N=600. Mehr Frauen, VA RA, SLE, PsO. 9 verstorben.

Etwas ältere Pat.
SLE und Vaskulitis vermehrt.
54% csDMARDS hosp, biologic eher ambulant.

_> pat mit biologic tsdmards Or tief, also weniger hospitalisiert.


Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"