JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

An outlook on biomarkers in cardiogenic shock

Oriol Iborra-Egea, Santi Montero, Antoni Bayes-Genis
Current Opinion in Critical Care 2020, 26 (4): 392-397
32452847

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiogenic shock is a severe complication with mortality rates of ∼50% that requires a rapid and complex management to aid and identify the highest and lowest risk patients. To that end, novel cardiogenic shock biomarkers are needed to improve risk stratification and to personalize therapy.

RECENT FINDINGS: Established biomarkers such as BNP, NT-proBNP, ST2, and troponins provide insufficient predictive value in cardiogenic shock. More recent biomarkers, including DPP3, adrenomedullin, angiopoietin 2, and the CS4P score are gaining momentum. DPP3 showed early prediction of refractory status and survival in cardiogenic shock. The CS4P score is based on the levels of liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), beta-2-microglobulin (B2M), fructose-bisphosphate aldolase B (ALDOB), and SerpinG1 (IC1). These proteins are not cardiac-specific but reflect multiorgan dysfunction, systemic inflammation, and immune activation. The CS4P improved reclassification of 32% of patients compared with the CardShock risk score.

SUMMARY: A new wave of research focused on novel proteomic and molecular techniques, is providing new candidates that promise to aid clinical decision-making and patient stratification in cardiogenic shock. The CS4P score is emerging as the most robust, yet it requires prospective validation in cardiogenic shock patients managed with circulatory and ventricular assist devices.

Full Text Links

We have located links that may give you full text access.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32452847
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"