Effect of hysterectomy on pain in women with endometriosis: a population-based registry study

A Sandström, M Bixo, M Johansson, T Bäckström, S Turkmen
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2020, 127 (13): 1628-1635

OBJECTIVE: To assess pain symptoms before and after hysterectomy in women with endometriosis.

DESIGN: A population-based registry study.

SETTING: Sweden.

POPULATION: Women aged 18-45 years who underwent hysterectomy for endometriosis between 2010 and 2015.

METHODS: Pain symptoms before hysterectomy and 12 months after surgery were collected from the Swedish National Quality Register for Gynaecological Surgery (GynOp). Pain symptoms were also assessed by follow-up surveys after a median follow-up period of 63 months.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pelvic or lower abdominal pain after hysterectomy.

RESULTS: The study included 137 women. The proportion of women experiencing pain of any severity decreased by 28% after hysterectomy (P < 0.001). The proportion of women with severe pain symptoms decreased by 76% after hysterectomy (P < 0.001). The majority of women (84%) were satisfied with the surgical result. Presence of severe pain symptoms after the hysterectomy was associated with less satisfaction (P < 0.001). Pain symptoms after surgery, patient satisfaction and the patient's perceived improvement were not significantly different between women whose ovarian tissue was preserved and women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy.

CONCLUSIONS: We observed a significant, long-lasting reduction in pain symptoms after hysterectomy among women with endometriosis. Hysterectomy, with the possibility of ovarian preservation, may be a valuable option for women with endometriosis who suffer from severe pain symptoms.

TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Hysterectomy is a valuable option for women with endometriosis and severe pain symptoms.

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