Intraoperative refractory status epilepticus caused by propofol

Abhyuday Kumar, Amarjeet Kumar, Neeraj Kumar, Ajeet Kumar
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2020 May 11

Background: Status Epilepticus, when continued despite the administration of two antiepileptic drugs, is called refractory status epilepticus (RSE). The seizure-like phenomenon due to propofol is widely reported in the literature. However, refractory status epilepticus (RSE) caused by propofol is rare and is a diagnostic dilemma.

Case: A 44-year-old male patient presented with RSE during the intraoperative period and was under general anesthesia on propofol infusion. The seizure was resistant to benzodiazepines and phenytoin. Thereafter, the seizure subsided after the discontinuation of propofol infusion, and the patient was shifted to fentanyl and dexmedetomidine infusion for the maintenance of anesthesia. The postoperative follow-up was uneventful.

Conclusions: This article focuses on the management of intractable intraoperative seizure and highlights the need for the exploration of seizure characteristics caused by propofol.

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