Gout: a disease involved with complicated immunoinflammatory responses: a narrative review.
Gout is a disease with acute and/or chronic inflammation and tissue damage induced by the precipitation of monosodium urate crystal (MSU) crystals in bone joints, kidneys, and subcutaneous sites. In recent years, with the continuous research on gout animal models and patient clinical investigations, the mechanism of inflammation activation of gout has been further discovered. Studies have shown that pro-inflammatory factors such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-8 and IL-17, NLRP3 inflammasome, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), anti-inflammatory factors such as IL-10, IL-37 are all involved in the MSU-induced gout inflammatory process. And the immune cells in gout, including neutrophils, monocytes/macrophages, and lymphocytes, all play important roles in the pathogenesis of gout. In this review, we mainly emphasize the understanding of various cytokines, inflammasome, and immune cells involved in the onset of gout, in order to provide a systematic and theoretical basis for the novel exploration of inflammatory therapeutic targets for gout.
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