Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Effect of Postoperative Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs on Nonunion Rates in Long Bone Fractures

William A Tucker, Mitchell C Birt, Archie A Heddings, Greg A Horton
Orthopedics 2020 July 1, 43 (4): 221-227
32379334
The association of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with non-union in long bone fractures has been controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether NSAID exposure results in increased risk of non-union in operatively treated long bone fractures. The authors used International Classification of Diseases and Current Procedural Terminology codes to identify patients under a single-payer private insurance with operatively treated humeral shaft, tibial shaft, and subtrochanteric femur fractures from a large database. Patients were divided into cohorts based on NSAID use in the immediate postoperative period, and nonunion rates were compared. A cost analysis and a multivariate analysis were performed. Between 2007 and 2016, a total of 5310 tibial shaft, 3947 humeral shaft, and 8432 subtrochanteric femur fractures underwent operative fixation. Patients used NSAIDs in the first 90 days postoperatively in 900 tibial shaft, 694 humeral shaft, and 967 subtrochanteric femur fractures. In these patients, nonunion rates were 18.8%, 17.4%, and 10.4%, respectively. When no NSAIDs were used, the rates were 11.4%, 10.1%, and 4.6% for each fracture type, respectively (P<.05). Among patients taking NSAIDs, subtrochanteric femur fractures had a 2.4 times higher risk of nonunion and humeral shaft and tibial shaft fractures both had a 1.7 times higher risk of nonunion (P<.05). Multivariate analysis showed NSAID use to be an independent risk factor in all 3 types. Cost analysis showed a great increase in economic burden (P<.05). This study indicated that NSAID exposure was associated with fracture nonunion. [Orthopedics. 2020;43(4):221-227.].

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32379334
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.