JOURNAL ARTICLE

Preoperative treatment of benign insulinoma: diazoxide or somatostatin analogues?

Quentin Gilliaux, Claude Bertrand, François Hanon, Julian E Donckier
Acta Chirurgica Belgica 2020 May 18, : 1-4
32375590
Surgery is the ideal treatment of insulinoma. However, systemic therapy may be required to prevent severe preoperative hypoglycaemia, when surgery is contraindicated, delayed or refused and in case of unresectable metastatic disease. Diazoxide is commonly used but is not always effective and can cause serious side effects. Somatostatin analogues (octreotide and lanreotide) may be an alternative option. We report the case of a 27-year-old patient with insulinoma in whom diazoxide was compared with lanreotide before operation. A diagnosis of insulinoma was made on the basis of a fasting test and a 2 cm tumour confirmed in the body of the pancreas, with a high uptake of 111-In-pentreotide. Diazoxide was initiated and increased to a maximal tolerated dose of 450 mg/day. Because of dyspnoea and persisting hypoglycaemia, diazoxide was shifted to lanreotide 120 mg. All symptoms resolved without hypoglycaemia. According to the EORTC quality score of life, the score without treatment, under diazoxide, under lanreotide and after surgery were respectively 84.7, 73.3, 90.9 and 99.1. Thus, providing a positive Octreoscan, somatostatin analogues may be a safe, effective and well-tolerated option in patients with insulinoma refractory and/or intolerant to diazoxide or with a high risk of fluid retention.

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