JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine in the context of COVID-19

Ashutosh M Shukla, Lennox K Archibald, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Hiren J Mehta, Kartikeya Cherabuddi
Drugs in Context 2020, 9
32373183
Chloroquine and closely related structural analogs, employed initially for the treatment of malaria, are now gaining worldwide attention due to the rapidly spreading pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2, named coronavirus disease (COVID) of 2019 (COVID-19). Although much of this attention has a mechanistic basis, the hard efficacy data for chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine in the management of the clinical syndrome of COVID-19 have been limited thus far. This review aims to present the available in vitro and clinical data for the role of chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19 and attempts to put them into perspective, especially in relation to the different risks/benefits particular to each patient who may require treatment.

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