Case Reports
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Acute purpura fulminans-a rare cause of skin necrosis: A single-institution clinicopathological experience.

BACKGROUND: Purpura fulminans, an uncommon syndrome of intravascular thrombosis with hemorrhagic infarction of the skin, is often accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and multi-organ failure, and may ultimately lead to death.

METHODS: Herein, we document 13 skin biopsies from 11 adult patients with the clinical diagnosis of sepsis and confirmed histopathologic diagnosis of intravascular thrombosis and/or DIC, compatible with acute infectious purpura fulminans (AIPF). Detailed history and clinical examination were performed, and the lesions were correlated with histopathologic findings. Any underlying medical disease was taken into consideration.

RESULTS: There were 5 males and 6 females with lower extremity or peri-incisional purpuric skin lesions. The most important comorbidities identified were a history of surgical procedure or neoplasm, although 4 patients had no relevant underlying history. Most skin biopsies revealed focal epidermal ischemia or necrosis and 3 showed full-thickness epidermal necrosis. In the underlying dermis, there were fibrin thrombi in superficial and deep blood vessels with acute inflammation. Changes of an inflammatory destructive vasculitis were identified in 5 cases. No bacteria or fungi were identified on histopathology.

CONCLUSIONS: AIPF is a rapidly-progressing medical emergency which may be identified by histopathology in culture-negative cases. Biopsies may show neutrophilic infiltrate without infective organisms.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app