Ru(ii)-Naphthoquinone complexes with high selectivity for triple-negative breast cancer

Katia M Oliveira, Erica J Peterson, Murilo C Carroccia, Marcia R Cominetti, Victor M Deflon, Nicholas P Farrell, Alzir A Batista, Rodrigo S Correa
Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2020 April 24
Six new ruthenium(ii) complexes with lapachol (Lap) and lawsone (Law) with the general formula [Ru(L)(P-P)(bipy)]PF6, where L = Lap or Law, P-P = 1,2'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), 1,4'-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane (dppb), 1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (dppf) and bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine, were synthesized, fully characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, NMR, cyclic voltammetry, UV-vis, IR spectroscopies and three of them by X-ray crystallography. All six complexes were active against breast (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) and prostate (DU-145) cancer cell lines with lower IC50 values than cisplatin. Complex [Ru(Lap)(dppe)(bipy)]PF6 (1a) showed significant selectivity for MDA-MB-231, a model of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), as compared to the "normal-like" human breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10A. Complex (1a) inhibited TNBC colony formation and induced loss of cellular adhesion. Furthermore, the complex (1a) induced mitochondrial dysfunction and generation of ROS, as is involved in the apoptotic cell death pathway. Preferential cellular uptake of complex (1a) was observed in MDA-MB-231 cells compared to MCF-10A cells, consistent with the observed selectivity for tumorigenic vs. non-tumorigenic cells. Taken together, these results indicate that ruthenium complexes containing lapachol and lawsone as ligands are promising candidates as chemotherapeutic agents.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"