JOURNAL ARTICLE

Induction-remission response in peadiatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, Lahore protocol versus UKALL 2011 interim guidelines

Safia Khan, Saadia Anwar, Muhammad Farooq Latif, Ayesha Farooq, Mahwish Faizan
JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2020, 70 (4): 591-596
32296200

OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of induction-remission in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia patients treated according to two different guidelines.

METHODS: The descriptive retrospective cohort study was conducted at The Children's Hospital Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised clinical information sheets of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia patients from September 2014 to August 2015. Data regarding demographics, risk categorisation, rapid early response and induction-remission assessment was collected separately for Group 1 patients treated with Lahore protocol and Group 2 patients using United Kingdom acute lymphoblastic leukaemia-2011 interim guidelines. Data was analysed using SPSS version 20.0.

RESULTS: Of the 98 patients who had a median age of 6.4 years (interquartile range: 1.5-16 years), 48(49%) were in Group 1 and 50(51%) in Group 2. There were 14(29%) patients with standard risk in Group 1 while 34(71%) were high-risk. The corresponding numbers in Group 2 were 30(60%) and 20(40%) in Group 2. Rapid early response was noted in 18(37.5%) patients in Group 1 and 11(28%) in Group 2. Remission was achieved in 38(79%) patients in Group 1 and 36(72%) in Group 2. There was significant association of rapid early response with induction-remission in Group 2 (p<0.05) but not in Group 1 (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Induction-remission rate was comparable in the two treatment groups, but significant association of rapid early response with induction-remission was observed only in patients treated using United Kingdom acute lymphoblastic leukaemia-2011 interim guidelines.

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