JOURNAL ARTICLE

Microvascular COVID-19 lung vessels obstructive thromboinflammatory syndrome (MicroCLOTS): an atypical acute respiratory distress syndrome working hypothesis

Fabio Ciceri, Luigi Beretta, Anna Mara Scandroglio, Sergio Colombo, Giovanni Landoni, Annalisa Ruggeri, Jacopo Peccatori, Armando D'Angelo, Francesco De Cobelli, Patrizia Rovere-Querini, Moreno Tresoldi, Lorenzo Dagna, Alberto Zangrillo
Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine 2020 April 15, 22 (2): 95-97
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We suggest the use of MicroCLOTS (microvascular COVID-19 lung vessels obstructive thromboinflammatory syndrome) as a new name for severe pulmonary coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We hypothesise that, in predisposed individuals, alveolar viral damage is followed by an inflammatory reaction and by microvascular pulmonary thrombosis. This progressive endothelial thromboinflammatory syndrome may also involve the microvascular bed of the brain and other vital organs, leading to multiple organ failure and death. Future steps in the understanding of the disease and in the identification of treatments may benefit from this definition and hypothesised sequence of events.

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