JOURNAL ARTICLE

Geriatric Opioid Harm Reduction: Interprofessional Student Learning Outcomes

Faika Zanjani, Marshall Brooks, Leland Waters, Pamela Parsons, Patricia Slattum
Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine 2020, 6: 2333721420908985
32284953
Objective: Opioid harm reduction is increasingly important in the care of the older adults, who are at higher risk for negative opioid-related outcomes due to high prevalence of pain, multimorbidity, polypharmacy, and age-changes in metabolism. Our project aims to develop, implement, and evaluate an interprofessional opioid harm reduction service training. Method: This evaluation occurs in context of the Richmond Health and Wellness Program (RHWP), a community-based interprofessional wellness care coordination equity initiative, within buildings designated for low-income and disabled older adults. The geriatric opioid harm reduction training was delivered online and inperson, and followed up with case-discussions and practice. Findings: Pre ( n = 69)/post ( n = 62) student assessments indicated that after the training, there was an increase in knowledge. At follow-up, 60% recognized tramadol as an opioid, 50% at baseline. About 97% correctly indicated that MME represents morphine milligram equivalent, 80% at baseline. About 93% indicated that 50 MME level greatly increases opioid overdose risk, 62% at baseline. Only 20%, change from 60% at baseline, reported not being able to calculate MME at post assessment. Conclusion: Findings indicate that geriatric opioid harm reduction training within community-based wellness care coordination is feasible. Future works need to explore the impact on student practice in clinical settings and resident health.

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