[The prevalence and relationship between laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, anxiety and depression in otolaryngology outpatients]

C F Li, L H Zhang, W L Wang, J Cao, Y G Wang, Y X Zhao
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 2020 March 7, 55 (3): 241-248
Objective: To obtain the prevalence laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD), anxiety and depression in otorhinolaryngology outpatients and to explore the role of mental and psychological factors (anxiety and depression) in their pathogenesis. Methods: A questionnaire survey of reflux symptom index(RSI) scale and hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale were used to report 1 111 cases of outpatients in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital, from July 2017 to June 2018 (486 males, 625 females, age of 18-96 years old, median age of 38[30,53] years old) and to obtain the prevalence of LPRD, anxiety and depression. RSI-positive patients were selected in the case group, and RSI-negative patients were selected in the control group. The differences in HAD scores between the two groups were compared, and the risk factors of laryngopharyngeal reflux were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0 software. Results: There were 151 cases in the case group and 960 cases in the control group. The prevalence of LPRD was 13.59% (151/1 111).There was no significant difference in the prevalence of LPRD between different genders ( P> 0.05). The prevalence rate was the highest in the 18-40 age group, and the difference in the prevalence of all age groups (18~ 40 years old; 41-65 years old; >65 years old) was statistically significant ( P< 0.05). The prevalence of LPRD among smokers and non-drinkers was higher than that of non-smokers and non-drinkers and the prevalence of the two groups was statistically significant ( P< 0.05). The most common symptoms of the RSI scale were pharyngeal foreign body sensation (92.72%,140/151), persistent clearing throat (88.74%,124/151), excessive sputum or nasal reflux (82.12%, 124/151). There were significant statistical differences between the two groups ( P< 0.05). Ninty-one patients with anxiety, the prevalence was 8.19%(91/1 111); 76 patients with depression, the prevalence was 6.84%(76/1 111).Among the LPRD patients, the hospital anxiety scale scored 29.14% (44/151), and the hospital depression scale scored 17.22% (26/151). The scores of anxiety symptoms and depressive symptoms in the LPRD group were higher than those in the non-LPRD group. The above scores were statistically significant ( P< 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that smoking, anxiety and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease were independent risk factors for laryngopharyngeal reflux. Conclusions: The prevalences of LPRD, anxiety and depression in the otorhinolaryngology clinic are 13.59%, 8.19% and 6.84%, respectively. Among patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux, the prevalence of anxiety is 29.14%, and the prevalence of depression is 17.22%. Age, smoking, drinking, alcohol consumption, education level, course of disease, symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, pharyngeal foreign body sensation, etc. are related to LPRD. Mental factors (anxiety and depression) may play a role in LPRD. Smoking, anxiety symptoms and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease are closely related to the incidence of LPRD.

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