JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Application of autologous cartilage in rhinoplasty for patients with traumatic nasal contraction and nasal dysfunction]

W T Zeng, J H Yang, J Chen, H L Jiang, N J Ma, Y Qian
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 2020 March 7, 55 (3): 217-222
32268689
Objective: To explore the application and effect of autologous cartilage in rhinoplasty for patients with traumatic hernia and nasal dysfunction. Methods: From January 2017 to April 2019,30 patients with nasal trauma admitted to Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University were treated for 6 days to 14 years. All patients were accompanied by different degrees of nasal deformity and nasal ventilatory disorders. They were classified into three categories: light, medium and heavy. All of them were open at the same time. Rhinoplasty and nasal septum deviation correction. For mild to moderate nasal deformity and nasal ventilatory disorders, ear cartilage was used to modify the tip of the nose and strengthen the nasal septal cartilage support to modify the deformity of the nasal back. For severe nasal deformity and nasal ventilatory disorders, we engraved the costal cartilage into a "Y" shaped monolithic stent or flank costal cartilage to form a 2+1 or 4+1 stent, and the costal cartilage stent and the septal cartilage tail end were sutured. Reshape the nasal septum frame support and the nasal column to avoid collapse of the nose. Results: Three patients had a septal hematoma after operation and recovered normally after cleansing. All patients were followed up for 2 months to 2 years, and no complications such as nasal septum perforation and nasal bridge collapse occurred. The postoperative cure rate was 60.0% (18/30). All patients had a grade I nasal drop after surgery, and the effective rate was 100% (30/30). The patient's preoperative measurement deviation was (6.85±2.43) mm, the postoperative measurement deviation was (2.4±1.58) mm, the preoperative nasal appearance VAS score was (1.93±1.31), and the postoperative nasal appearance VAS score was (6.60±1.16), the difference in facial appearance deviation and VAS score before and after surgery was statistically significant ( P< 0.05). All patients had improved nasal ventilation after operation. The preoperative nasal ventilation VAS score was (1.97±1.07), the postoperative nasal ventilation VAS score was (6.53±1.04), and the difference between preoperative and postoperative nasal ventilation VAS scores was statistically significant ( P< 0.05). Conclusions: Autologous cartilage is effective in rhinoplasty in patients with traumatic nasal contraction and nasal dysfunction. One stage open rhinoplasty and nasal septum deviation surgery are performed to shorten the treatment time and improve the nasal appearance and nasal ventilation function. The patients got satisfaction.

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