Trends in bariatric surgery in Texas: an analysis of a statewide administrative database 2013-2017

Benjamin Clapp, William Klingsporn, Isaac Lee, Evan Liggett, Ashtyn Barrientes, Brittany Harper, Alan Tyroch
Surgical Endoscopy 2020 April 3

BACKGROUND: The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) tracks 30-day outcomes of bariatric patients, but only at accredited centers. Presently, these cases are not broken down by state. Administrative databases can be used to answer some of the questions that are not asked by clinical databases and also to validate those databases. We proposed using the inpatient and outpatient administrative databases in Texas to examine both the numbers and trends of bariatric surgery in Texas over a 5-year period.

METHODS: The Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File (IPUDF) and the Texas Outpatient Public Data File (OPUDF) were examined for the years 2013-2017. We searched for patients undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and duodenal switch. Robotic assisted cases were also examined.

RESULTS: There were 105,199 bariatric cases performed in Texas from 2013 to 2017. There were 173 centers performing bariatric surgery. The most common operation performed was the sleeve gastrectomy at 73,663 case (70% of total). Gastric bypasses were second at 22,890 cases. During this time period, LAGB almost disappeared; dropping from 2090 cases in 2013 to 115 cases in 2017, with removal of 2097 LAGB in the study period in the OPUDF. During this time period, there was a lower growth rate of the number of SG in the IPUDF with a large increase in SG performed with outpatient status, while LRYGB remained relatively stable.

CONCLUSION: Rates of bariatric surgery in Texas are increasing slowly. The dominant procedure is the SG with a trend towards being done under outpatient status. LAGB has been essentially phased out. There is an increase in SG being performed under 'outpatient' status.

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