Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Specificity and Diagnostic Utility of Cerebrospinal Fluid CXCL13 in Lyme Neuroborreliosis.

BACKGROUND: Demonstration of intrathecal production of Borrelia-specific antibodies (ITAb) is considered the most specific diagnostic marker of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB). Limitations include delayed detectability in early infection and continued presence long after successful treatment. Markers of active inflammation-increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leukocytes, protein, and CXCL13-provide nonspecific markers of active infection. To assess the utility of CSF CXCL13, we measured its concentration in 132 patients with a broad spectrum of neuroinflammatory disorders, including LNB.

METHODS: CSF CXCL13 was measured by immunoassay. Spearman rank correlation test was performed to explore its relationship to conventional markers of neuroinflammation and Borrelia-specific ITAb production.

RESULTS: In non-LNB neuroinflammatory disorders, CSF CXCL13 elevation correlated with CSF immunoglobulin G (IgG) synthesis and leukocyte count. In LNB, CXCL13 concentration was far greater than expected from overall CSF IgG synthesis, and correlated with Borrelia-specific ITAb synthesis. Median CSF CXCL13 concentration in ITAb-positive LNB patients was > 500 times greater than in any other group.

CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal CXCL13 and IgG production are closely interrelated. CXCL13 is disproportionately increased in "definite LNB," defined as having demonstrable Borrelia-specific ITAb, but not "probable LNB," without ITAb. This disproportionate increase may help identify patients with very early infection or those with active vs treated LNB, or may help to differentiate ITAb-defined active LNB from other neuroinflammatory disorders. However, its reported specificity is closely related to the diagnostic requirement for ITAb. It may add little specificity to the demonstration of a pleocytosis or increased overall or specific IgG production in the CSF.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app