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Anatomical Study of Femoral Condylar Index in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Implication to Total Knee Replacement Surgery for Vietnamese People.

BACKGROUND: The femoral rotation angle is important element in total knee replacement (TKR).

AIM: To measure this angle, we determine through the axes: the transepicondylar axis (cTEA and sTEA), the posterior condylar axis (PCA), the anteroposterior axis (APA - Whiteside axis).

METHODS: Measuring the angles created by the four axes: cTEA, sTEA, PCA and APA in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); determining the femoral rotation angle and application TKR.

RESULTS: the angle between APA and cTEA: 90.41° ± 3.35°, the angle between APA and sTEA: 94.47° ± 3.31°, the angle between APA and PCA: 96.40° ± 4.59°, the angle between cTEA and sTEA: 4.00° ± 1.02°, the angle between cTEA and PCA: 6.53° ± 2.55°, the angle between sTEA and PCA: 3.48° ± 1.91°.

CONCLUSION: The angle between sTEA and PCA is the angle that best represents the femoral rotation angle. However, in case of sTEA or PCA is difficult to identify, it can be measure via the APA or cTEA. These angles don't differ by age, gender and place of knee joint.

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