The characteristic of tumor immune microenvironment in pulmonary carcinosarcoma

Yanhong Cen, Zhao Huang, Jiangbo Ren, Junhong Zhang, Yan Gong, Conghua Xie
Immunotherapy 2020 March 26
Pulmonary carcinosarcoma (PCS) is a rare but aggressive neoplasm, due to late diagnosis and early metastasis. Surgery combined with radiotherapy is a standard treatment. However, PCS features an easy relapse after surgery resection and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Tumor immune microenvironment reflects tumor immunophenotyping and affects immunotherapy efficiency. This review summarized current studies on the characteristic of tumor immune microenvironment in PCS and discussed the potential of immunotherapy combined with other regimes strategy as a candidate for treatments in PCS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"