JOURNAL ARTICLE

Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis-derived phase angle predicts survival in patients with systemic immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis

Riccardo Caccialanza, Emanuele Cereda, Catherine Klersy, Paolo Milani, Silvia Cappello, Valentina Martinelli, Annalisa Turri, Marco Basset, Valeria Borioli, Mario Nuvolone, Marilisa Caraccia, Francesca Lavatelli, Sara Masi, Federica Lobascio, Andrea Foli, Giampaolo Merlini, Giovanni Palladini
Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation 2020 March 26, : 1-6
32212933
Background: The aim of the present prospective study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02111538) was to assess the prognostic value of phase angle (PhA), derived from bioimpedance vectorial analysis (BIVA), in patients affected by systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. Methods: One hundred-twenty seven consecutive newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve patients with histologically confirmed AL amyloidosis were enrolled. Nutritional assessment including BIVA-derived PhA was performed before treatment initiation. Results: PhA was associated with unintentional weight loss, caloric intake and the physical component of quality of life (QoL). After a median follow-up of 16.3 months (25th-75th percentile: 8.4-28.9 months), 49 (38.6%) subjects had died. At multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis, PhA ≤4.3 independently predicted survival (HR = 2.26 [95%CI, 1.04-4.89]; p  = .038]) after controlling for hydration status, haematologic response to treatment and modified Mayo Clinic cardiac stage. There was no effect modification of PhA on mortality by cardiac stage (P for interaction = 0.61). Conclusions: In AL amyloidosis, BIVA-derived PhA is associated with the common parameters implied in malnutrition assessment and QoL, and adjusted for hydration independently predicts survival. Due to its feasibility, BIVA should be systematically considered for the nutritional and clinical assessment of AL patients, in whom nutritional intervention trials are warranted.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32212933
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"