An overview of ceftolozane sulfate + tazobactam for treating hospital acquired pneumonia

Ibai Los-Arcos, Joaquin Burgos, Vicenç Falcó, Benito Almirante
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 2020, 21 (9): 1005-1013

INTRODUCTION: Ceftolozane-tazobactam is a combination of a new cephalosporin, with activity similar to that of ceftazidime, and a known inhibitor of beta-lactamases. This compound shows excellent activity against most gram-negative organisms causative of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) or ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP), including extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales and multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa .

AREAS COVERED: This article reviews the spectrum of activity, the main pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics and the clinical efficacy and safety of ceftolozane-tazobactam in the treatment of HAP/VAP in adult patients.

EXPERT OPINION: The results of a randomized clinical trial have demonstrated an efficacy and safety profile of ceftolozane-tazobactam similar to that of its comparator for the treatment of patients with HAP/VAP. Several retrospective studies have shown good efficacy of the drug for the treatment of respiratory infections caused by MDR P. aeruginosa . The use of this drug may be incorporated as a new therapeutic option for the treatment of patients with HAP/VAP in a carbapenem-saving setting or as a therapeutic alternative with a better safety profile than other therapeutic options in patients with infections caused by MDR P. aeruginosa .

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