Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine Position Statement for Central Venous Catheterization and Management 2020

Yash Javeri, Ganshyam Jagathkar, Subhal Dixit, Dhruva Chaudhary, Kapil Gangadhar Zirpe, Yatin Mehta, Deepak Govil, Rajesh C Mishra, Srinivas Samavedam, Rahul Anil Pandit, Raymond Dominic Savio, Anuj M Clerk, Shrikanth Srinivasan, Deven Juneja, Sumit Ray, Tapas Kumar Sahoo, Srinivas Jakkinaboina, Nandhakishore Jampala, Ravi Jain
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2020, 24 (Suppl 1): S6-S30

Background and Purpose: Short-term central venous catheterization (CVC) is one of the commonly used invasive interventions in ICU and other patient-care areas. Practice and management of CVC is not standardized, varies widely, and need appropriate guidance. Purpose of this document is to provide a comprehensive, evidence-based and up-to-date, one document source for practice and management of central venous catheterization. These recommendations are intended to be used by critical care physicians and allied professionals involved in care of patients with central venous lines.

Methods: This position statement for central venous catheterization is framed by expert committee members under the aegis of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (ISCCM). Experts group exchanged and reviewed the relevant literature. During the final meeting of the experts held at the ISCCM Head Office, a consensus on all the topics was made and the recommendations for final document draft were prepared. The final document was reviewed and accepted by all expert committee members and after a process of peer-review this document is finally accepted as an official ISCCM position paper.Modified grade system was utilized to classify the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The draft document thus formulated was reviewed by all committee members; further comments and suggestions were incorporated after discussion, and a final document was prepared.

Results: This document makes recommendations about various aspects of resource preparation, infection control, prevention of mechanical complication and surveillance related to short-term central venous catheterization. This document also provides four appendices for ready reference and use at institutional level.

Conclusion: In this document, committee is able to make 54 different recommendations for various aspects of care, out of which 40 are strong and 14 weak recommendations. Among all of them, 42 recommendations are backed by any level of evidence, however due to paucity of data on 12 clinical questions, a consensus was reached by working committee and practice recommendations given on these topics are based on vast clinical experience of the members of this committee, which makes a useful practice point. Committee recognizes the fact that in event of new emerging evidences this document will require update, and that shall be provided in due time.

Abbreviations list: ABHR: Alcohol-based hand rub; AICD: Automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator; BSI: Blood stream infection; C/SS: CHG/silver sulfadiazine; Cath Lab: Catheterization laboratory (Cardiac Cath Lab); CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CFU: Colony forming unit; CHG: Chlorhexidine gluconate; CL: Central line; COMBUX: Comparison of Bedside Ultrasound with Chest X-ray (COMBUX study); CQI: Continuous quality improvement; CRBSI: Catheter-related blood stream infection; CUS: Chest ultrasonography; CVC: Central Venous Catheter; CXR: Chest X-ray; DTTP: Differential time to positivity; DVT: Deep venous thrombosis; ECG: Electrocardiography; ELVIS: Ethanol lock and risk of hemodialysis catheter infection in critically ill patients; ER: Emergency room; FDA: Food and Drug Administration; FV: Femoral vein; GWE: Guidewire exchange; HD catheter: Hemodialysis catheter; HTS: Hypertonic saline; ICP: Intracranial pressure; ICU: Intensive Care Unit; IDSA: Infectious Disease Society of America; IJV: Internal jugular vein; IPC: Indian penal code; IRR: Incidence rate ratio; ISCCM: Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine; IV: Intravenous; LCBI: Laboratory confirmed blood stream infection; M/R: Minocycline/rifampicin; MBI-LCBI: Mucosal barrier injury laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection; MRSA: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; NHS: National Health Service (UK); NHSN: National Healthcare Safety Network (USA); OT: Operation Theater; PICC: Peripherally-inserted central catheter; PIV: Peripheral intravenous line; PL: Peripheral line; PVI: Povidone-iodine; RA: Right atrium; RCT: Randomized controlled trial; RR: Relative risk; SCV/SV: Subclavian vein; ScVO2 : Central venous oxygen saturation; Sn: Sensitivity; SOP: Standard operating procedure; SVC: Superior vena cava; TEE: Transesophageal echocardiography; UPP: Useful Practice Points; USG: Ultrasonography; WHO: World Health Organization.

How to cite this article: Javeri Y, Jagathkar G, Dixit S, Chaudhary D, Zirpe KG, Mehta Y, et al. Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine Position Statement for Central Venous Catheterization and Management 2020. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020;24(Suppl 1):S6-S30.

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