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[Current aspects of diagnosis and treatment of adult GH-deficiency].

Problemy E̊ndokrinologii 2019 November 24
Adult growth hormone (GH) deficiency (AGHD) is a condition characterized by alterations in body composition, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, bone mineral density and poor quality of life; however, clinical presentations of AGHD are mostly non-specific. Untreated AGHD is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Stimulation tests are used for the diagnosis: insulin tolerance test, glucagon stimulation test, growth-hormone releasing hormone and arginine stimulation test. Moreover, in 2017 FDA approved the use of macimorelin (oral GH secretagogue) for the diagnosis of AGHD. In childhood GH-deficiency, apolipoprotein A-IV, CFHR4 (complement factor H-related protein 4) and PBP (platelet basic protein) were identified as potential biomarkers of the disease, however, this was not investigated in AGHD. GH treatment starts from the minimal dose, which allows minimizing the adverse effects. According to published meta-analyses, AGHD treatment generally does not lead to increased risk of malignancy and recurrence of sellar neoplasms in adult patients. Published data on GH receptor polymorphism associations with treatment efficacy remains controversial. Development of long-acting GH formulations is a currect perspective for the increase of treatment compliance.

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