Agaphelin modulates the activation of human bronchial epithelial cells induced by lipopolysaccharide and IL-4

Daniely Cornélio Favarin, Aline Beatriz Mahler Pereira, Ivo M B Francischetti, Marcos Vinicius da Silva, Virmondes Rodrigues, Paulo Roberto da Silva, Jesus G Valenzuela, David Nascimento Silva Teixeira, Carlo José Freire Oliveira, Alexandre de Paula Rogério
Immunobiology 2020 March 18, : 151937
Sand fly saliva presents molecules with potential to development of compounds for treatment of inflammatory diseases. Agaphelin, isolated from the saliva of the mosquito Anopheles gambiae, demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties such as neutrophils chemotaxis inhibition. Here, we extend these results and evaluated the role of agaphelin (0.1-100 nM) in an in vitro model consisting in the activation of human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) by IL-4 (50 ng/mL) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 ng/mL). Agaphelin is non-cytotoxic for BEAS-2B cells. Notably, agaphelin markedly reduces CCL2 and IL-8 production induced by IL-4 or LPS, without altering the IL-10 production. The TLR4 expression and STAT1 phosphorylation induced by LPS were inhibited by agaphlin. In addition, agaphelin decreased the phosphorylation of STAT6 induce by IL-4, whose effect was independent of IL-4-binding activity. Taken together, these findings identify agaphelin as a potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent for airway inflammations.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"