JOURNAL ARTICLE

Leucine rich repeats and calponin homology domain containing 1 inhibits NK-92 cell cytotoxicity through attenuating Src signaling

Kai Dai, Zubing Chen, Sha She, Jinzhi Shi, Jiling Zhu, Yabing Huang
Immunobiology 2020 March 9, : 151934
32173150
NK-92 cell line has been used as anti-tumor cytotoxic effector cells in immunotherapy. Leucine-rich repeats and calponin homology domain containing 1 (LRCH1) is a novel gene of which the function is unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of LRCH1 in NK-92 cell cytotoxicity. LRCH1 was ablated in NK-92 cells through CRISP-Cas9-mediated knockout. LRCH1 knockout did not influence the basal behavior of NK-92 cells such as cell survival, expression of natural cytotoxicity receptors, and proliferation. However, upon the contact with tumor cells, LRCH1 knockout promoted NK-92 cell cytotoxicity to tumor cells. Besides, LRCH1 knockout increased the production of cytotoxic mediators such as IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2, and granzyme B in NK-92 cells after tumor cell contact. Similarly, LRCH1 knockout increased the production of cytokines and granzyme B upon NKp30 engagement. Further experiments revealed that LRCH1 knockout enhanced the activation of Src and Lck kinase which are important for natural killer cell cytotoxicity. The in vivo assay confirmed the up-regulation of the tumoricidal activity of LRCH1-/- NK-92 cells, as demonstrated by more robust tumor cell killing. Importantly, human primary natural killer cells exhibited a similar increase in the production of IFN-γ and TNF-α when LRCH1 was knocked out. In conclusion, our study revealed the role of LRCH1 as a negative regulator of NK-92 cell cytotoxicity.

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