Changes of para-, meta- and ortho-tyrosine over time in burned patients

Patricia Kovacs, Livia Szelig, Szilard Kun, Csaba Loibl, Gabor Laszlo Woth, Gergo A Molnar, Istvan Wittmann, Lajos Bogar, Attila Miseta, Csaba Csontos
Immunobiology 2020 February 21, : 151917

PURPOSE: Serious burn injury leads to oxidative stress resulting in production of meta- and ortho-tyrosine, while para-tyrosine is the physiological isoform. Our aim was to investigate the metabolism of these tyrosine isoforms following major burn injury.

METHODS: Fifteen patients requiring intensive care were followed for 5 consecutive days after major burn injury. Serum and urine concentrations of para-, meta-, and ortho-tyrosine were measured with high performance liquid chromatography. Fifteen healthy matching individuals were invited as control group.

RESULTS: Median serum concentration of normal isoform para-tyrosine decreased in burned patients between days 2 and 5 (p < 0.01). Mean meta-, and ortho-tyrosine levels were significantly higher in patients compared to controls in the same time period (p < 0.05). Renal excretion of para-tyrosine increased significantly in our observation period (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Pathologic isoforms of tyrosine accumulate in serum meanwhile the level of normal isoform decreases possibly due to belated enhanced renal excretion or, to decreased synthesis after major burn injury.

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