Toll-Interacting Protein Regulates Immune Cell Infiltration and Promotes Colitis-Associated Cancer

Christina Begka, Céline Pattaroni, Catherine Mooser, Stéphane Nancey, Kathy D McCoy, Dominique Velin, Michel H Maillard
IScience 2020 February 8, 23 (3): 100891
Expression of Toll-interacting protein (Tollip), a potent TLR modulator, decreases in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), whereas Tollip-/- mice are susceptible to colitis. Tollip expression was shown to be reduced in sporadic adenoma . In contrast, we found variable Tollip expression in patients with colitis-associated adenomas. In Tollip-/- mice challenged to develop colitis-associated cancer (CAC), tumor formation was significantly reduced owing to decreased mucosal proliferative and apoptotic indexes. This protection was associated with blunt inflammatory responses without significant changes in microbial composition. mRNA expression of Cd62l and Ccr5 homing receptors was reduced in colons of untreated Tollip-/- mice, whereas CD62L+ CD8+ T cells accumulated in the periphery. In Tollip-deficient adenomas Ctla-4 mRNA expression and tumor-infiltrating CD4+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cell (Treg) were decreased. Our data show that protection from CAC in Tollip-deficient mice is associated with defects in lymphocyte accumulation and composition in colitis-associated adenomas.

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