JOURNAL ARTICLE

The application of the single branch-first combined with the mid-arch clamping technique and the embedded anastomosis technique for DeBakey type II aortic dissection

Quan Li, Hong Qu, Tianqi Liu, Min Li, Shanliang Chen, Peijie Li, Li Xu, Hengbao Wang
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 February 22, 15 (1): 38
32087712

BACKGROUND: Patients with DeBakey type II aortic dissection or ascending aortic aneurysms involving the right innominate artery require hemiarch replacement and placement of a right innominate artery graft. Traditional aortic hemiarch replacement surgery must be performed under right axillary artery cannulation perfusion and moderate or deep hypothermia circulatory arrest. However, the axillary artery perfusion is always associated with left subclavian artery "steal blood", and it cannot guarantee blood supply to the left cerebral hemisphere in patients with an incomplete circle of Willis, and hypothermia and hypoperfusion cause damage to the brain and spinal cord; therefore, postoperative complications of the nervous system are common. Herein, we present a hemiarch replacement procedure with the use of the single branch-first combined with the mid-arch clamping technique. This procedure can not only reduce the axillary artery incision but also eliminate the need for mid-deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest.

CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old male patient underwent surgery with this technique. Computed tomography angiography performed upon admission showed calcified plaques scattered throughout the aorta and showed DeBakey type II aortic dissection involving the right innominate artery, accompanied by cardiac tamponade. The patient underwent aortic root repair, ascending aorta replacement, and hemiarch replacement as well as the placement of a right innominate artery graft. Aortic root anastomosis was performed with the embedded anastomosis technique. There were no postoperative complications. The patient was discharged 11 days after the operation. During more than 3 months of follow-up, there were no cases of aortic valve regurgitation or anastomotic fistula.

CONCLUSIONS: The single branch-first combined with the mid-arch clamping technique for the right innominate artery can reduce the axillary artery incision and avoid damage to the body under mid-deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest. The embedded anastomosis technique is easy to perform, results in a limited amount of bleeding and requires almost no extra needling. We believe that these techniques can serve as good alternative strategies for patients with DeBakey type II aortic dissection or ascending aortic aneurysms involving the right innominate artery.

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