Acute myocardial infarction-cardiogenic shock in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting: A 16-year national cohort analysis of temporal trends, management and outcomes

Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Vinayak Kumar, Saarwaani Vallabhajosyula, Anna V Subramaniam, Sri Harsha Patlolla, Dhiran Verghese, Lina Ya'Qoub, John M Stulak, Gurpreet S Sandhu, Abhiram Prasad, David R Holmes, Gregory W Barsness
International Journal of Cardiology 2020 February 13

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the outcomes of acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS) in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

METHODS: A retrospective cohort of AMI-CS admissions during 2000-2016 from the National Inpatient Sample was created and prior CABG status was identified. Outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality and resource utilization in the two cohorts. Temporal trends of prevalence, in-hospital mortality, and cardiac procedures were evaluated.

RESULTS: In 513,288 AMI-CS admissions, prior CABG was performed in 22,832 (4.4%). Adjusted temporal trends showed a 2-fold increase in CS in both cohorts. There was a temporal increase in coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) across both cohorts. The cohort with prior CABG was on average older, of male sex, of white race, and with higher comorbidity. The cohort with prior CABG received coronary angiography (50% vs. 75%), PCI (32% vs. 49%), right heart catheterization/pulmonary artery catheterization (15% vs. 20%), mechanical circulatory support (26% vs. 46%) less frequently compared to those without (all p < 0.001). The cohort with CABG had higher in-hospital mortality (53% vs. 37%; adjusted odds ratio 1.41 [95% confidence interval 1.36-1.46]), greater use of do not resuscitate status (13% vs. 6%), shorter lengths of hospital stay (7 ± 8 vs. 10 ± 12 days), lower hospitalization costs ($92,346 ± 139,565 vs. 138,508 ± 172,895) and fewer discharges to home (39% vs. 43%) (all p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: In AMI-CS, admission with prior CABG was older and had lower use of cardiac procedures and higher in-hospital mortality compared to those without prior CABG.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"