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Cefiderocol: A Novel Agent for the Management of Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Organisms.

Cefiderocol, formerly S-649266, is a first in its class, an injectable siderophore cephalosporin that combines a catechol-type siderophore and cephalosporin core with side chains similar to cefepime and ceftazidime. This structure and its unique mechanism of action confer enhanced stability against hydrolysis by many β-lactamases, including extended spectrum β-lactamases such as CTX-M, and carbapenemases such as KPC, NDM, VIM, IMP, OXA-23, OXA-48-like, OXA-51-like and OXA-58. Cefiderocol's spectrum of activity encompasses both lactose-fermenting and non-fermenting Gram-negative pathogens, including carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales. Cefiderocol recently received US Food and Drug Administration approval for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis, and is currently being evaluated in phase III trials for nosocomial pneumonia and infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative pathogens. The purpose of this article is to review existing data on the mechanism of action, microbiology, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, efficacy, and safety of cefiderocol to assist clinicians in determining its place in therapy.

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