Influence of orthodontic loading on biomarkers levels around miniscrews

Alice Spitz, Ricardo Palmier Teles, Lincoln Issamu Nojima
Archives of Oral Biology 2020 January 27, 112: 104668

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of Interleukin-1α (IL-1α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), Interleukin-13 (IL-13), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), and Growth related oncogene (GRO) in the peri-miniscrew implant crevicular fluid (MICF) under orthodontic loading.

DESIGN: The study sample comprised 14 miniscrews immediately loaded and 17 unloaded ones. A load of 200gF was immediately applied to the miniscrews in the loaded group after the placement surgery. Peri-miniscrew implant crevicular fluid was collected at baseline, at day 7, and at day 21. The levels of the biomarkers were measured using a multiplexed bead immunoassay. Intergroup comparisons were made using Mann-Whitney test. Friedman and Dunn's multiple comparison tests were used to evaluate intragroup differences over time.

RESULTS: Although no statistical differences were observed between the groups at any time point for any of the 8 biomarkers evaluated, there was a statistically significant increase (p < 0.02) in the levels of all the biomarkers over time on both groups.

CONCLUSIONS: An immediate loading of 200gF does not alter the balance in the inflammatory response in peri-miniscrew tissues.

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