Successful Splenectomy Management in a Patient With Moderate Factor VII Deficiency and Concomitant Severe Hereditary Spherocytosis

Kourosh Goudarzipour, Vahid Amiri, Peyman Eshghi
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology 2020 February 6
By the advent of the effective therapies for many coagulation diseases and hereditary spherocytosis (HS), patient's survival has been improved significantly; however, if patients are diagnosed late or left untreated, both diseases could ominously be life threatening. Concurrent occurring of factor VII (FVII) deficiency and HS is extremely rare and there is no literature report that explain this condition, thus far. In this study, we confronted a 9-year-old female patient diagnosed with HS and enlarged spleen as a result of this blood disorder. Given to her sever signs and symptoms of splenomegaly, she was candidate for emergent splenectomy. However, assessment of coagulation tests revealed a prolonged prothrombin time, suggesting the moderate FVII deficiency. With a multidisciplinary consultation, we decided to performed total splenectomy with prophylaxis administration of totally 6 doses of active recombinant FVII, initiated 1 hour before surgery and followed until 30 hours postoperation. As a result of cautious undertaken in Mofid Children's Hospital, the patient did not experience any hemostatic defect. Patient is now 14-year-old, generally well-being under regular surveillance of FVII deficiency.

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