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A Study of Correlation of Angiographic Evaluation of Coronary Artery Disease with Androgenetic Alopecia - TricoHeart Study.

BACKGROUND: Research on the association between androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and coronary artery disease (CAD) in women, with a focus on the evaluation of their angiographic association in the form of the severity of disease, has been lacking.

AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the relation between CAD and AGA in women and to study their severity.

METHODS: This study, carried out with 438 women within 55 years of age and admitted for coronary angiography, had the case group (participants with CAD; n = 219) and control group (those without CAD; n = 219). The clinical and paraclinical data were collected after clinical history, physical examination, and review of the patients' records (family, past, and personal history of the participants). The coronary risk profiles such as diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, and serum cholesterol level were also noted, and the diagnosis of AGA was performed, and participants were grouped using the Ludwig's baldness grading system. Statistical analysis was performed by studying association between the variable using the Chi-square test (R i386.3.5.1 software).

RESULTS: In the study group, 74 (33.79%) participants were treadmill test positive, 55 (25.11%) had unstable angina, 40 (18.26%) had ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and 50 (22.83%) had non-ST-STEMI (NSTEMI). In the case group, Grade II female AGA was evidenced in 38 (43.18%) participants, whereas Grade III was present in 30 (34.09%) participants. Further on, 27 patients with triple vessel disease had Grade III female AGA. Whereas, in the control group, Grade I female AGA was evidenced in 23 (65.71%) participants.

CONCLUSION: The hypothesis that female pattern baldness is a marker for increased risk of CAD events has been studied and established as part of the present study. Further, extensive studies on the effect of other variables with a larger sample size need to be conducted.

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