Obesity, transplantation, and bariatric surgery: An evolving solution for a growing epidemic

Tayyab S Diwan, Tiffany C Lee, Shunji Nagai, Enrico Benedetti, Andrew Posselt, Ginny Bumgardner, Sabrena Noria, Bryan A Whitson, Lloyd Ratner, David Mason, Jon Friedman, Kenneth J Woodside, Julie Heimbach
American Journal of Transplantation 2020 January 21
The increasing obesity epidemic has major implications in the realm of transplantation. Patients with obesity face barriers in access to transplant and unique challenges in perioperative and postoperative outcomes. Because of comorbidities associated with obesity, along with the underlying end-stage organ disease leading to transplant candidacy, these patients may not even be referred for transplant evaluation, much less be waitlisted or actually undergo transplant. However, the use of bariatric surgery in this population can help optimize the transplant candidacy of patients with obesity and end-stage organ disease and improve perioperative and postoperative outcomes. We review the impact of obesity on kidney, liver, and cardiothoracic transplant candidates and recipients and explore potential interventions to address obesity in these populations.

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