MTAP-deficiency could predict better treatment response in advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients initially treated with pemetrexed-platinum chemotherapy and bevacizumab

Wang Jing, Hui Zhu, Wenjuan Liu, Xiaoyang Zhai, Hairong Tian, Jinming Yu
Scientific Reports 2020 January 21, 10 (1): 843
To investigate the predictive value of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) on treatment response and survival in advanced lung adenocarcinoma. MTAP expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. Treatment response and survival were compared according to MTAP expression level. The results indicated MTAP-low expression was observed in 61.2% (101/165) of all patients. The objective response rate and disease control rate improved in the MTAP-low group (64.4% vs 46.9%, p = 0.035; 92.1% vs. 79.7%, p = 0.03; respectively). The median progression-free survival and survival time in the MTAP-low group were significantly lower than that in the MTAP-high group (8.1 vs. 13.1 months, p = 0.002; 22 vs. 32 months, p = 0.044). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that brain metastasis (HR 1.55, p = 0.046), thoracic radiation (HR 0.52, p = 0.026), and MTAP-low expression (HR 1.36, p = 0.038) were independent factors on survival. It is concluded that MTAP-low expression could predict improved treatment response but worsened survival in advanced lung adenocarcinoma.

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