[Application and funding status of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery research projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China from 2009 to 2019]

W Y Li, W L Ni, X B Zhang
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 2020 January 7, 55 (1): 47-55
Objective: Based on the application and funding of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (H13) funded by the Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC), we analyzed the basic research status of the field of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and provided the references for developing the discipline development plan, optimizing the discipline strategic layout and promoting the discipline progress. Method: The data of both applied and funded grants of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in NSFC from 2009 to 2019 were collected for further analysis. Results: From 2009 to 2019, H13 received 5 103 applications, accounting for 1.00% of the total number of applications in the department of health science, and 922 applications were funded (mainly from the General Projects and the Youth Science Fund Projects), with a funding rate of 18.07% and a funding amount of 445.509 million yuan, accounting for 1.02% of the total funding amount of the department of health science. Among the seven sub-categories of H13, H1304 (Hearing abnormal and balance disorders) received 1 845 applications, and 352 were funded. H1301 (Disease of smell, nose and anterior skull base) received 1 217 applications, and 248 were founded, H1303 (Ear and lateral skull base disease) and H1305 (Otorhinolaryngology and developmental related diseases) received 498 and 488 applications,and 83 and 112 were founded respectively. The National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars received 33 applications, and 5 were founded, with a funding rate of 15.15%. Clinicians accounted for 81% of the General Projects principals, and researchers and technicians accounted for 19%. Clinicians accounted for 72% of the Youth Science Fund Projects principals, and researchers and technicians accounted for 24%. Conclusion: The basic research of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in China has some shortcomings, such as small volume, uneven development of various disciplines, less leading academic leaders, less training of young leading talents, less major projects, more clinicians instead of researchers engaged in the basic scientific research.

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